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息夫人

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发表于 2012-11-22 22:12:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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我的家乡在河南息县。两千多年前,息县是一个国家-息国。息国,周代的诸侯国,姬姓。息国始祖羽达为周文王第37子,武王在位第13年(前1122年)时将其封为息侯,建立息国。


My hometown is HeNan XiXian.More than two thousand years ago,XiXian was a country named Xi .Xi country  was a feudalist(封建) country in Zhou  Dynasty.

the First ancestor YuDa of Xi
was ZhouWenWang'thirty-seventh son.After 13 years of the reign of WuWang,YuDa was appointed as Xi  feudatory(诸侯).


息侯伐郑

公元前712年,息侯与郑伯一言不和,息侯就带兵讨伐郑国,结果在郑国的边境被打得狼狼大败。很多人因此嘲笑息侯,说从这一点得知息国将要灭亡,因为息侯作为一国之君,不量德量力,不审时度势,不能与亲戚搞好关系,也不能明辨是非真假,却想以武力威胁别国,自讨其辱,活该!
实力弱小的息国敢于征伐春秋初年“小霸”天下的郑国 ,于是出现了成语“冒天下之大不韪”,自不量力。从此息国国力衰弱。
712 BC,XiHou Led the army to Zhen and staged the war Because Both of XiHou And ZhenHou could not come to an agreement.As a result,XiHou encountered a great failure in the war at the border of Zhen country.So,many people laugh at XiHou,they they said  as a monarch of a country,XiHou didn't measure his
moral and strength,and didn't Size up the situation(审时度势),didn't make a a good relationship with relatives,didn't distinguish right from wrong 、true from false,while,he wanted to threaten  other country with military force.He disgraced  himself and he deserved it!
Xi country with weak strength  dared to assault Zhen country which was called the second overlord in the beginning period of ChunQiu .So there appeared idioms such as "冒天下之大不韪,自不量力".So you must know these idioms derives from my hometown.


            息夫人的到来

息夫人是春秋时期息国(在今河南息县)国君的夫人,出生于陈国(在今河南淮阳)的妫姓世家,又名息妫。她是陈国国君的次女,因生在深秋时节,额上带有桃花胎记,宛如桃花女神转世,世人又称“桃花夫人”公元前684年(周庄王十三年、鲁庄公十年)初,妫氏远嫁来到地处淮河两岸的息国,被息侯封为国夫人,从此历史上便有了息夫人的称谓。息夫人初到息国时,息国的国力已是羸弱不振,早已失去了作为天子之姓的大国风采。
XiFuRen was the king's wife of Xi country in ChunQiu Period,born at  a family of Gui  in Chen country.She also named XiGui.She was the second daughter of the king of Chen. Because she came to the world in Late autumn and her Forehead  a peach blossom  birthmark,people called her Mrs. Peach blossom.684Bc,Mrs. Peach blossom came to Xi and got married with XiHOu and Canonized as  the first lady of Xi.from then on,there was a title of XiFURen in history.At the beginning of XiFuRen'coming,Xi country's national power had become very weak and so early lost the big country's mien(风采) as the family name of Emperor.


             息夫人挂灯劝息侯

      当时正处于春秋社会大变革时期,周王室衰微,各诸侯国争霸战争不断,一些小国被大国兼并,地处长江中游的楚国于公元前690年和公元前688年相继灭掉权国(在今湖北当阳)和申国(在今河南南阳)。而此时的息国已处于楚国与晋国争霸中原的前沿,国力今非昔比。息侯本来就是一个文弱书生,终日沉迷于酒色。
AT then time ,the Spring and Autumn period was seeing a great social changes.with the decline of Zhou royal family,Some small countries were mergerd by big countries.
the state of Chu Located in the Yangtze River of midstream   in 690 BC and 688 BC  exterminated  the country Quan (in  Hubei Dangyang) and Shen  (in Nanyang, Henan) separately.
      面对这种状况,初到息国的息夫人很是忧虑。。《东周列国志》中记载:息夫人是一个志存高远、忧国忧民的杰出女性。  于是,历史上便留下了一段息夫人挂灯劝息侯的美谈。

Facing this reverse situation,XiFuRen was very worried.According to 《东周列国志》,XiFuRen was an outstanding woman with a great aspiration and great concern for the fate of her country and her people.So,there left a beautiful story of  息夫人挂灯劝息侯 in the history.

      在一个风清月明的晚上,息侯正在举办宫廷晚宴。
   on a windy night with the bright moon, XiHou was holding a palace Banquet.
     突然灯灭了,大厅里漆黑一片,息侯很是诧异,四处叫嚷着让人点灯。孰不知,这一切正是夫人精心策划的。息夫人拿来一盏灯那盏白色纱罩里不是灯芯,而是无数的小萤火虫。顿时宫廷变亮了。息侯忙问夫人何故,夫人不语,只是用手把灯罩捅了一个洞,无数虫子飞了出来,房间又渐渐暗了下来。
Suddenly,the lamp put out.the hall was filled with darkness.XiHou got very surprised and houtet to other people to light  the lamp.who konws,everything which had happened just now was schemed by XiFuRen.XIFuRen took a lamp in which  the white chador was not wick(灯芯) but countless fireflies.and after a short while,the palace got  bright again.XIHou cann't wait to ask why.But XiFuRen said nothing .she  poked through the chador and the fireflies flied out ,as a consequence,the darkness gradually filled the palace.

       息夫人说:百姓就如同萤火虫,每人都能发出一份光和热,只有把他们团结起来,才能发出明亮耀眼的光芒,才能把国家建设好;否则百姓分离,势必导致国家走上灭亡之路。息侯听此一言,如梦初醒,感谢夫人巧妙睿智的规劝和提醒。息夫人还告诫息侯,让他警惕南方的楚国,楚文王正欲称霸中原,统一四方,亡息之心不死。息侯听了夫人的劝导后,开始勤政爱民、亲贤远佞、奖励耕战、提倡农商、富国强兵。至此,息国走上了自强的道路。
XIFuRen said: people were like fireflies,every person can sent out light and heat.only when we get them together,can they  issue bright light to construct our country.Otherwise people got separated, which would cause the country to walk on the road of death. Hearing what XIFuRen said,XiHou got waken and thanked his wife for her clever persuation and remind.She also warned  that XiHou should  be
aware of the threat of Chu.Chu wanted to dominate the Central Plains and  unify all sides.Thence,XiHou bagan to

   息侯在息夫人的鼎力辅助下,国家治理得蒸蒸日上,息国国力迅速得以提升,人民安居乐业。

       息夫人蔡国探亲

息夫人有个妹妹嫁给了蔡侯。由于想念妹妹就去了蔡国看望她。蔡侯见息夫人国色天香就调戏了她,息夫人怒斥了他,回去把这件事告诉了息侯。息侯大怒,联合楚国灭掉了蔡国。蔡侯欲讨好楚王,知道楚王好色,便说息夫人貌美天下,不久,好色的楚王果然率领大军,以巡视为名来到息国。楚王发现息夫人确实美貌天仙。于是灭了息国。最后楚王答应不杀息侯,不毁息国宗庙,将息妫封作了楚国夫人。但堂堂息侯却被近乎侮辱地封作了楚国都城的守门小吏。



三年不语
 三年里,息妫在楚宫中备受宠爱,甚至为楚王生下了两个儿子,却始终不发一言。楚文王十分纳闷,一定要息妫说出道理来,妫氏万般无奈,才泪流满面地说道:“我不能为丈夫守节而死,又有什么面目同别人谈笑呢!”


在地愿为连理枝

不久楚文王出城打猎,预计两三天后才能回宫。息妫趁此机会,悄悄地跑到城门处私会自己的丈夫,两人见面,恍同隔世,她边哭边说:“妾在楚宫,忍辱偷生,初则为了保全你的性命,继则为了见你一面,如今心愿已了,死也瞑目。”息侯伤心欲绝,安慰妫氏说:“苍天见怜,必有重聚之日,我甘任守城小吏,还不是等待团圆的机会么!”但息妫心愿既了,再不愿忍辱偷生,干脆以死明志,头撞城墙而死,息侯阻拦不及,顿时万念俱灰,也撞死在城下。   当楚文王打猎回来,知道了这件事,竟也以诸侯之礼将息侯与妫氏合葬在汉阳城外的桃花山上。后人在山麓建祠,四时奉祀,称为“桃花夫人庙”,至今仍为汉阳的名胜之一。息县《县志》中还有人为她撰写了生平,立了传记碑文,1984年6月,在息县县委招待所还出土了清同治年间的“息夫人辨证碑”。息县城关还新建有息夫人塑像,以示纪念。至今,息县一带还流传着“挂灯劝息侯”及“三年不语”的故事


千古中华第一县

      楚在息国旧地设县,两千多年来,息县不改其名、不变其治,遂成为千古中华第一县。

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